When domestic violence and abuse is present, sometimes there is more than one typical perpetrator involved in the abuse. 

In the BAME community, perpetrators may also include the in-laws and/or extended family.

Multiple perpetrators make it even more difficult for victims to disclose what is happening to them or find a way of escape or get help.

Multiple perpetrators give the primary perpetrator more power and control as they are supported by those around them and keeps more people scrutinising the victim and adding to the abuse. This may occur in a family member appearing to support the victim but also being on the lookout on behalf of a perpetrator. If multiple perpetrators is a risk, it is important to speak or see victims on their own.